Qualcomm Wins Patent for Managing Simultaneous Unicast and Multicast Services

With Verizon and AT&T expected to launch new subscription video services that will rely on a combination of LTE broadcast and unicast video streaming, a patent Qualcomm won on Tuesday could see the semiconductor giant grow licensing revenue.

Xiaoxia Zhang, an engineer based at Qualcomm headquarters in San Diego, Calif., is named as lead inventor on the patent, titled, “Method and Apparatuses For Managing Simultaneous Unicast and Multicast/Broadcast Services In A Wireless Communication System.”

Abstract: Techniques are provided for managing simultaneous unicast and multicast/broadcast services. For example, there is provided a method operable by a user equipment (UE) or the like, that involves transmitting, upon initial connection with a wireless communication system, a first message indicating one or more capabilities of the UE. The method may further involve transmitting a second message indicating that the UE is receiving or is about to receive a multicast/broadcast service. The method may also involve receiving, as a result of the second message, data scheduled in accordance with one or more predetermined rules.

Patent

Claims:

  1. A method for operating a user equipment (UE) in a wireless communication system, the method comprising: transmitting, upon initial connection with the wireless communication system, a first message indicating one or more downlink capabilities of the UE including one or more of: (i) an indication of a unicast capability in a range of a category 1 to a category 8, and (ii) an indication of a multicast/broadcast capability in a range of a category 1 to a category 8; transmitting a second message indicating that the UE is receiving or is about to receive a multicast/broadcast service; and receiving, as a result of the first message and the second message, data scheduled in accordance with one or more predetermined rules.
  1. The method of claim 1, wherein the UE appends the second message to a measurement report.
  1. The method of claim 1, wherein the UE signals whether it is receiving or is about to receive the multicast/broadcast service in the second message as a binary status flag.
  1. The method of claim 1, wherein the first message comprises the indication of the unicast capability, in response to the UE supporting a unicast service only.
  1. The method of claim 4, wherein the first message comprises the indication of the unicast capability, in response to the UE supporting both the unicast service and the multicast/broadcast service concurrently.
  1. The method of claim 5, wherein the unicast capability is downgraded by at least one predetermined level, in response to the UE receiving the multicast/broadcast service.
  1. The method of claim 1, wherein the first message comprises the indication of the multicast/broadcast capability, in response to the UE supporting the multicast/broadcast service only.
  1. The method of claim 7, wherein the first message comprises the indication of the multicast/broadcast capability, in response to the UE supporting both the unicast service and the multicast/broadcast service concurrently.
  1. The method of claim 8, wherein the multicast/broadcast capability is downgraded by at least one predetermined level, in response to the UE receiving a unicast service.
  1. The method of claim 1, wherein receiving the data comprises receiving unicast data at a unicast data rate that takes into account (a) a broadcast data rate allocated for the multicast/broadcast service and (b) the first message.
  1. The method of claim 1, wherein the predetermined rules relate to adjusting a downlink unicast transmission rate based on a downlink broadcast transmission rate.
  1. The method of claim 1, wherein the predetermined rules take into consideration the one or more capabilities of the UE.
  1. An apparatus, comprising: means for transmitting, upon initial connection with a wireless communication system, a first message indicating one or more downlink capabilities of a user equipment (UE) including one or more of: (i) an indication of a unicast capability in a range of a category 1 to a category 8, and (ii) an indication of a multicast/broadcast capability in a range of a category 1 to a category 8; means for transmitting a second message indicating that the UE is receiving or is about to receive a multicast/broadcast; and means for receiving, as a result of the first message and the second message, data scheduled in accordance with one or more predetermined rules.
  1. An apparatus, comprising: at least one processor configured to: transmit, upon initial connection with a wireless communication system, a first message indicating one or more downlink capabilities of a user equipment (UE) including one or more of: (i) an indication of a unicast capability in a range of a category 1 to a category 8, and (ii) an indication of a multicast/broadcast capability in a range of a category 1 to a category 8; transmit a second message indicating that the UE is receiving or is about to receive a multicast/broadcast service; and receive, as a result of the first message and the second message, data scheduled in accordance with one or more predetermined rules; and a memory coupled to the at least one processor for storing data.
  1. A non-transitory computer-readable medium comprising code for causing a computer to: transmit, upon initial connection with a wireless communication system, a first message indicating one or more downlink capabilities of a user equipment (UE) including one or more of: (i) an indication of a unicast capability in a range of a category 1 to a category 8, and (ii) an indication of a multicast/broadcast capability in a range of a category 1 to a category 8; transmit a second message indicating that the UE is receiving or is about to receive a multicast/broadcast service; and receive, as a result of the first message and the second message, data scheduled in accordance with one or more predetermined rules.
  1. A method for operating by a network entity in a wireless communication system, the method comprising: receiving, from a user equipment (UE), a first message indicating one or more downlink capabilities of the UE upon initial connection of the UE with the wireless communication system including one or more of: (i) an indication of a unicast capability in a range of a category 1 to a category 8, or (ii) an indication of a multicast/broadcast capability in a range of a category 1 to a category 8; receiving a second message from the UE indicating that the UE is receiving or is about to receive a multicast/broadcast service; and scheduling downlink data for the UE in accordance with one or more predetermined rules in response to the first message and the second message.
  1. The method of claim 16, wherein the one or more predetermined rules include: consulting a first set of one or more lookup tables containing UE-category-based transmission parameters, when the second message indicates that the UE is beginning concurrent support of unicast and multicast/broadcast services; and consulting a second set of one or more lookup tables containing UE-category-based transmission parameters, when the second message indicates that the UE is ending concurrent support of unicast and multicast/broadcast services.
  1. The method of claim 17, wherein the first set of one or more lookup tables contains, for a particular UE category, a smaller transport block size for unicast reception than the second set of one or more lookup tables contains for the particular UE category.
  1. The method of claim 16, wherein the one or more predetermined rules include: downgrading, by a predetermined number of levels, a category associated with the UE, when the second message indicates that the UE is beginning concurrent support of unicast and multicast/broadcast services; and restoring, to a nominal value, the category associated with the UE, when the second message indicates that the UE is ending concurrent support of unicast and multicast/broadcast services.
  1. The method of claim 19, wherein the category associated with the UE is downgraded with respect to unicast services only.
  1. The method of claim 16, wherein the first message comprises the indication of the unicast capability, in response to the UE supporting the unicast service only.
  1. The method of claim 21, wherein the first message comprises the indication of the unicast capability, in response to the UE supporting both the unicast service and the multicast/broadcast service concurrently.
  1. The method of claim 16, wherein the first message comprises the indication of the multicast/broadcast capability, in response to the UE supporting the multicast/broadcast service only.
  1. The method of claim 21, wherein the first message comprises the indication of the multicast/broadcast capability, in response to the UE supporting both a unicast service and the multicast/broadcast service concurrently.
  1. The method of claim 16, wherein scheduling the data comprises scheduling a transmission of unicast data at a unicast data rate that takes into account (a) a broadcast data rate allocated for the multicast/broadcast service and (b) the first message.
  1. The method of claim 16, wherein the predetermined rules relate to adjusting a downlink unicast transmission rate based on a downlink broadcast transmission rate.
  1. The method of claim 16, wherein the predetermined rules take into consideration the one or more capabilities of the UE.
  1. The method of claim 16, wherein the network entity comprises an eNodeB.
  1. An apparatus, comprising: means for receiving, from a user equipment (UE), a first message indicating one or more downlink capabilities of the UE upon initial connection of the UE with a wireless communication system including one or more of: (i) an indication of a unicast capability in a range of a category 1 to a category 8, or (ii) an indication of a multicast/broadcast capability in a range of a category 1 to a category 8; means for receiving a second message from the UE indicating that the UE is receiving or is about to receive a multicast/broadcast service; and means for scheduling downlink data for the UE in accordance with one or more predetermined rules in response to the first message and the second message.
  1. An apparatus, comprising: at least one processor configured to: receive, from a user equipment (UE), a first message indicating one or more downlink capabilities of the UE upon initial connection of the UE with a wireless communication system including one or more one of: (i) an indication of a unicast capability in a range of a category 1 to a category 8, or (ii) an indication of a multicast/broadcast capability in a range of a category 1 to a category 8; receive a second message from the UE indicating that the UE is receiving or is about to receive a multicast/broadcast service; and schedule downlink data for the UE in accordance with one or more predetermined rules in response to the first message and the second message; and a memory coupled to the at least one processor for storing data.
  1. A non-transitory computer-readable medium comprising code for causing a computer to: receive, from a user equipment (UE), a first message indicating one or more downlink capabilities of the UE upon initial connection of the UE with a wireless communication system including one or more of: (i) an indication of a unicast capability in a range of a category 1 to a category 8, or (ii) an indication of a multicast/broadcast capability in a range of a category 1 to a category 8; receive a second message from the UE indicating that the UE is receiving or is about to receive a multicast/broadcast service; and schedule downlink data for the UE in accordance with one or more predetermined rules in response to the first message and the second message.